7 Google Analytic Metrics to Track & Why

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The Google Analytics dashboard is organized under four sectors: Audience, Acquisition, Behaviour, and Conversions. Within these sectors, several metrics can be collected, analyzed, and used to make predictions, look at past trends, and gain a better understanding of your campaigns or website. Ultimately, Google Analytics helps businesses better understand their website and the effectiveness of their marketing efforts. 

Nonetheless, I’ll dive into the most important metrics to track, how to track them, and why you should be tracking them.

Traffic and Traffic Sources

When logging into your Google Analytics account, one of the very first metrics you’re going to see is website traffic, and for good reason. Normally, you’ll be provided with a graph that shows you the amount of people that have viewed your site over the last 7 days. For further information, you can maneuver over traffic acquisition and take a look at a more in-depth report.

To put more clearly, the importance of traffic analysis through Google Analytics lies in its ability to follow the online journey of users. By examining the volume and sources of traffic, one can assess the success of their marketing efforts. Knowing where visitors come from – whether through search engines, social media, or direct navigation – enables targeted optimization strategies. For instance, if a significant portion of traffic is from search engines, SEO efforts may need improvement to increase visibility in search results.

Google Analytics also provides detailed information about user behaviour within a website. Metrics such as bounce rate, time on page, and pages per session speak to the overall quality of user engagement. For example, high bounce rates might indicate landing page issues or problems with user experience, prompting a need for adjustment. 

Beyond the quantitative aspects, Google Analytics facilitates demographic and geographic segmentation, offering insights into the diverse characteristics of the audience. This information is instrumental in refining content, marketing messaging, and user experience to better resonate with the target demographic.

Beyond some of the quantitative aspects discussed, Google Analytics provides information on your audience’s demographic and geographic segmentation. This information is beneficial for refining content, marketing messaging, and user experience to better resonate with the target demographic.

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Bounce Rates

As we mentioned above, bounce rates are another key metric in Google Analytics, and they provide insights into the effectiveness of a website’s landing pages and user engagement. A bounce occurs when a visitor lands on a page and exits without interacting further or navigating to other pages within the site. Monitoring bounce rates is critical because it indicates the number of users leaving almost immediately after arriving on your website. 

A high bounce rate might suggest that the landing page could be more effective in meeting user’s expectations. With that in mind, it’s essential to interpret bounce rates in context, as specific pages, like blog articles or single-page websites, may naturally have higher bounce rates. On the other hand, a landing page for an e-commerce site would typically have a lower bounce rate when done correctly. In understanding bounce rates, website owners and marketers can optimize their strategies to retain visitors, increase engagement, and improve the overall performance of their online presence.

Conversion Rates

Conversion rates stand at the heart of assessing the success of online efforts, whether the means of conversion is making a purchase, filling out a form, or subscribing to a newsletter. The conversion rate represents the percentage of website visitors who complete the desired action.

It is a critical performance indicator as it reflects the effectiveness of a website in turning user interest into tangible outcomes. A high conversion rate indicates an effective and well-done website and landing page. On the other hand, a lower conversion rate might signal the need for changes such as clearer calls-to-action, simplified checkout processes, or more persuasive content. 

Google Analytics allows businesses to track conversions across various channels, providing a granular understanding of user journeys and points of conversion. Website owners and marketers can use this information to make better decisions, improve their strategies, and drive meaningful results.

Average Session Duration

Average session duration offers insights into user engagement and the stickiness of a website. This metric represents users’ average time on a site during a single visit. 

For example, a longer average session duration typically indicates that visitors find the content relevant, suggesting a positive user experience. Therefore, monitoring this metric helps gain insight into the effectiveness of your website in capturing attention. That being said, be reminded that some content will likely have longer sessions on average and should be measured in that way, like articles versus landing pages. A declining average session duration may imply unclear navigation, slow load times, or uninteresting content.


A user represents an individual who has visited a website within a specified timeframe, and the cumulative count of users offers knowledge into your audience’s total size and composition. 

Therefore, monitoring the number of users is vital for understanding the reach and impact of a website, reflecting its ability to attract and retain an audience over time. The metrics in Google Analytics encompass new and returning visitors.

For example, a steady user increase may indicate successful marketing efforts and a growing online presence. Conversely, a decline could imply issues with content relevance, user experience, or outreach strategies. 

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Top Landing Page

Top landing pages represent the entry points where users first interact with the site. Therefore, tracking and analyzing the top ranking landing pages help website owners and marketers understand which content or campaigns are working best to capture user attention. A high number of entrances on specific landing pages indicates the success of SEO performance on that particular page or the strength of the content on that page. Website marketers can fine-tune their strategies to align with user preferences by identifying and optimizing top landing pages.

Top Devices

Device metrics let you know which devices are being used by visitors to access your website, including desktops, smartphones, and tablets. Knowledge of the devices more commonly used to access your site means that you can optimize for this particular audience. 

For instance, if many users access a site from mobile devices, optimizing the mobile experience becomes a priority, ensuring responsive design, fast load times, and intuitive navigation. Conversely, focusing on features that enhance the desktop experience becomes crucial if desktop users contribute substantially to traffic.

Decisions on your site’s design, content presentation, and overall user experience will be made based on the devices more commonly accessing it. 

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Google Ads Analytics

Google Ads analytics is slightly lower on this list because not all business owners and websites will choose to use ads. Nonetheless, if you are using Google Ads, then this is an indispensable tool for businesses seeking to measure and optimize the performance of their online advertising campaigns. 

Metrics such as click-through rates, conversion rates, and cost-per-click provide a comprehensive understanding of user engagement and the return on investment for each ad campaign. 

Advertisers can track key performance indicators like impressions and ad positions, helping them refine targeting strategies and allocate budgets more effectively. Conversion tracking allows businesses to connect the dots between ad interactions and desired user actions, providing a clear picture of the customer journey. A/B testing and ad variations can also be analyzed to identify high-performing elements for optimizing future campaigns. 

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Get Started With CJAM

Navigating Google Analytics, especially with the transition to GA4, can be challenging for businesses aiming to extract meaningful insights from their data. 

The complexity of the platform, coupled with the evolving landscape of digital analytics, often necessitates specialized expertise to help extract meaningful information and data. 

CJAM Marketing couples businesses with experienced partners and agencies within their industry. With their help, you can help your business stay ahead of the curve! Get started by booking a free online meeting today!

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Written By
Picture of Behdad Jamshidi
Behdad Jamshidi
Behdad Jamshidi started CJAM Marketing after realizing that most business owners don’t know how to evaluate the value of a marketing agency or assess their own needs. Since every business is different not only in their needs but where they are at in the growth process, it isn’t a one size fits all. In the past 5 years, Behdad (or Bee) has met with and assessed 800+ marketing agencies and vetted them down to a lean 100 preferred partners across all marketing niches. After pairing hundreds of businesses with the right partners, he’s found his skillset lies in the matchmaking process. Featured in MarketWatch, Bloomberg, National Post and the Financial Post, Bee’s unique background in marketing, engineering, consulting, leadership, sales and strategy, has allowed him to serve as the conduit between business owners and the marketing teams they need.
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